Brown bears occupy the Yorkshire Dales
Between 25,000 and 17,000 years ago, the northern hemisphere was again engulfed by glaciers and it wasn’t until 14,700 years ago that things suddenly warmed up, bringing life once more to areas that had been a cold, polar desert for thousands of years. This time, the species that came were quite different. Brown bears and wolves were the first to arrive, followed by humans about 14,500 years ago. By this time, it would have already been a rich and diverse ecosystem to support these top predators. Victoria Cave is full of the bones of brown bears who died there during hibernation, and were later chewed and scavenged by wolves.